Proc. of the 2nd ACM Symposium on Cloud Computing (SOCC '11), October 27–28, 2011, Cascais, Portugal. Supersedes Carnegie Mellon University Parallel Data Laboratory Technical Report CMU-PDL-11-111, August 2011.
Swapnil Patil1, Milo Polte1, Kai Ren1, Wittawat Tantisiriroj1, Lin Xiao1, Julio López2, Garth A. Gibson2, Adam Fuchs2, Billie Rinaldi2
1Carnegie Mellon University
2National Security Agency
Inspired by Google's BigTable, a variety of scalable, semistructured, weak-semantic table stores have been developed and optimized for different priorities such as query speed, ingest speed, availability, and interactivity. As these systems mature, performance benchmarking will advance from measuring the rate of simple workloads to understanding and debugging the performance of advanced features such as ingest speed-up techniques and function shipping filters from client to servers. This paper describes YCSB++, a set of extensions to the Yahoo! Cloud Serving Benchmark (YCSB) to improve performance understanding and debugging of these advanced features. YCSB++ includes multi-tester coordination for increased load and eventual consistency measurement, multi-phase workloads to quantify the consequences of work deferment and the benefits of anticipatory configuration optimization such as B-tree pre-splitting or bulk loading, and abstract APIs for explicit incorporation of advanced features in benchmark tests. To enhance performance debugging, we customized an existing cluster monitoring tool to gather the internal statistics of YCSB++, table stores, system services like HDFS, and operating systems, and to offer easy post-test correlation and reporting of performance behaviors. YCSB++ features are illustrated in case studies of two BigTable-like table stores, Apache HBase and Accumulo, developed to emphasize high ingest rates and finegrained security.
KEYWORDS: Scalable Table Stores, Benchmarking, YCSB, NoSQL