Security for Network Attached Storage Devices
Carnegie Mellon University Technical Report CMU-CS-97-185, October 1997.
Howard Gobioff, Garth A. Gibson, Doug Tygar
Department of Computer Science
School of Computer Science
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
This paper presents a novel cryptographic capability system addressing the security and performance needs of network attached storage systems in which file management functions occur at a different location than the file storage device. In our NASD system file managers issue capabilities to client machines, which can then directly access files stored on the network attached storage device without intervention by a file server. These capabilities may be reused by the client, so that interaction with the file manager is kept to a minimum. Our system emphasizes performance and scalability while separating the roles of decision maker (issuing capabilities) and verifier (validating a capability). We have demonstrated our system with adaptations of both the NFS and AFS distributed file systems using a prototype NASD implementation.