PDL Abstract

Workload Compactor: Reducing datacenter cost while providing tail latency SLO guarantees

ACM Symposium on Cloud Computing (SoCC'17) , Santa Clara, Oct 2017.

Timothy Zhu*, Michael A. Kozuch, Mor Harchol-Balter^

^ Carnegie Mellon University
* The Pennsylvania State University
Intel Labs


Service providers want to reduce datacenter costs by consolidating workloads onto fewer servers. At the same time, customers have performance goals, such as meeting tail latency Service Level Objectives (SLOs). Consolidating workloads while meeting tail latency goals is challenging, especially since workloads in production environments are often bursty. To limit the congestion when consolidating workloads, customers and service providers often agree upon rate limits. Ideally, rate limits are chosen to maximize the number of workloads that can be co-located while meeting each workload’s SLO. In reality, neither the service provider nor customer knows how to choose rate limits. Customers end up selecting rate limits on their own in some ad hoc fashion, and service providers are left to optimize given the chosen rate limits.

This paper describes WorkloadCompactor, a new system that uses workload traces to automatically choose rate limits simultaneously with selecting onto which server to place workloads. Our system meets customer tail latency SLOs while minimizing datacenter resource costs. Our experiments show that by optimizing the choice of rate limits, WorkloadCompactor reduces the number of required servers by 30-60% as compared to state-of-the-art approaches.