DATE: Thursday, August 23, 2001
TIME: Noon - 1 pm
PLACE: Wean Hall 8220

Yang-hua Chu

SCS, Carnegie Mellon


Enabling Conferencing Applications on the Internet using an Overlay
Multicast Architecture


In response to the serious scalability and deployment concerns with IP Multicast, we and other researchers have advocated an alternate architecture for supporting group communication applications over the Internet where all multicast functionality is pushed to the edge. We refer to such an architecture as End System Multicast. While End System Multicast has several potential advantages, a key concern is the performance penalty associated with such a design. While preliminary simulation results conducted in static environments are promising, they have yet to consider the challenging performance requirements of real world applications in a dynamic and heterogeneous Internet environment.

In this talk, we explore how Internet environments and application requirements can influence End System Multicast design. We explore these issues in the context of audio and video conferencing: an important class of applications with stringent performance requirements. We conduct an extensive evaluation study of schemes for constructing overlay networks on a wide-area test-bed of about twenty hosts distributed around the Internet. Our results demonstrate that it is important to adapt to both latency and bandwidth while constructing overlays optimized for conferencing applications. Further, when relatively simple techniques are incorporated into current self-organizing protocols to enable dynamic adaptation to latency and bandwidth, the performance benefits are significant. Our results indicate that End System Multicast is a
promising architecture for enabling performance-demanding conferencing applications in a dynamic and heterogeneous Internet environment.


Yang-hua Chu is a 4th year Ph.D. student in Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University. His current research is on overlay network and multicast service for Internet applications.

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Last updated 17 November, 2004